Asclepias aurantiaca Salisb.. Asclepias bicolor Moench. Common name Monarch caterpillars are tolerant of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the very compound that protects the monarch from predation. With numerous common names including tropical milkweed, bloodflower, scarlet milkweed, sunset flower and silkweed, Asclepias curassavica is an interesting member of the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) thought to be native to the Caribbean, South America, Central America or Mexico. Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers.Read More, Not sure which Asclepias to pick?Compare All Asclepias, Buy Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Asclepias. Most species are toxic to humans and many other species, primarily due to the presence of cardenolides, although, as with many such plants, there are species that feed upon them (i.e. Mostly native to the U.S. and Canada, Asclepias include over 100 species of evergreen or deciduous perennials adorned with clusters of small, interestingly shaped blooms that are irresistible to butterflies. nectar). Language Assistance Available: Español | 繁體中文 | Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English, The American Association of Poison Control Centers, Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players. Asclepiadaceae) is a toxic plant which grows in pastures in Brazil and other South American countries. Milkweed plants are critical to the monarch butterflies survival, whose population in North America has plummeted by 90% in the last 20 years. Its toxicity will therefore … Positive: On Jan 3, 2004, debikm from Fleming Island, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sometimes it is labeled "butterfly weed" or simply "milkweed." Asclepias curassavica Tropical Milkweed is also commonly known as Mexican Milkweed and Blood Flower. Unpalatable and only eaten in time of scarcity. Use of common terms such as "poison" or "plant" will generate a large number of returns. In St. Louis, it is grown as an annual. Although proven poisonous to livestock, the bush has a reputation in popular medicine. – On the properties of the Asclepias curassavica, or Bastard Ipecacuanha American journal of pharmacy, Volume 19 Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science pg. Although all plants in the Asclepias genus are toxic, the levels of toxic compounds in each plant can be quite different from one species to another. It is likely responsible for the spasms observed in milkweed poisoning. Beautiful plant that does well here in Tennessee and attracts butterflies galore. Asclepias curassavica is a lush, hardy, perennial sub-shrub that’s resistant to pests, diseases and … Asclepias curassavica, a type of milkweed commonly known as Tropical Milkweed, Bloodflower, Scarlet Milkweed and Silkweed.It belongs to the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family of plants. Plant seedlings outside after last frost date. Blood flower is winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Splendid Asclepias, Asclepias incarnata 'Cinderella' (Swamp Milkweed), Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow' (Butterfly Weed), Save Monarch Butterflies with these Ornamental Milweeds, Want Garden Inspiration? ‘Silky Gold’ bloodflower (Asclepias curassavica ‘Silky Gold’) is a cultivator of bloodflower that sports all yellow flowers. Noted for its very long blooming season, Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed) is an upright evergreen sub-shrub boasting eye-catching clusters of orange-red flowers adorned with yellow hoods from early summer to fall. The butterflies are native to NZ, they flew here from the Americas. Asclepiadaceae) is a toxic plant which grows in pastures in Brazil and other South American countries. The flowers are a great source of nectar for butterflies, hummingbirds, bees, and other beneficial insects. May be Poisonous : Yes: Asclepias curassavica 'Silky Gold' (Golden Butterflyweed) - This is an all yellow form of the typically orange and yellow Butterfly Weed, also known as Tropical Milkweed, a tender evergreen perennial is prized for attracting butterflies, particularly the Monarch Butterfly, into the garden. Asclepias curassavica blooms all summer long and is a magnet to butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators as well as beneficial insects. Only plants will be removed from the collection. The species name “curassavica” is derived from Curacao (an island in the southern Caribbean Sea, off the Venezuelan coast), where the first specimens of this plant were collected. Grows best in light, rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. 21-24 D. Jesse Wagstaff International poisonous plants checklist: an evidence-based … Synonym Asclepias nivea, Asclepias bicolor. In addition to the concerns over OE and disruption of migration behavior, emerging research suggests that tropical milkweed may actually become toxic to monarch caterpillars when the plants are exposed to the warmer temperatures associated with climate change. Noted for its very long blooming season, Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed) is an upright evergreen sub-shrub boasting eye-catching clusters of orange-red flowers adorned with yellow hoods from early summer to fall. The species that was distributed most by conservationists — tropical milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) — is one that does not deteriorate in cold weather. Monarch expert Karen Oberhauser from the University of Minnesota recently did a Q & A for Journey North and this is what she had to say about Asclepias curassavica: “When tropical milkweed is planted in the coastal southern U.S. and California, these plants continue to flower and produce new leaves throughout the fall and winter, except during rare freeze events. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Asclepias, A Sparkling Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Perennials, A Pretty Duo to Try: Asclepias and Geranium, A Pretty Duo to Try: Asclepias and Salvia, An Eye-Catching Mediterranean Garden with Agave, Aloe and Pincushion, A Striking Water-Wise Border with Agave, Cactus and Ocotillo, Eye Catching Retaining Walls and Staircases, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2, Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed). All but the least toxic have a toxicity of 2% or greater. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Toxicity varies with the species and growing conditions, however all milkweeds should be considered potentially poisonous, especially the narrow-leafed species. Some broad-leafed species that contain high levels of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. labriformis, A. eriocarpa, and A. curassavica. The plant is used medicinally in the tropics for the anodyne properties of its root. They give way to long, narrow seed pods in the fall. A. curassavicais considered extremely poisonous, due to the presence of toxic cardiac glycosides, which in in vivo experiments have shown to be more potent than well known cardenolides used in therapy, e.g. This milkweed also serves as an important food source for developing Monarch larva. Asclepias curassavica is poisonous to humans and it is deciduous in zone 8a, but it comes back from the roots in spring. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. The milkweed genus, Asclepias, is named for the milky substance that the plants exude when cells are damaged. When Tropical Milkweed dies back after blooming, the parasite dies along with it so that each summer’s monarch population feeds on fresh, parasite-free foliage. It is now found worldwide in the tropics. I live in New England so my Asclepias curassavica dies to the ground outside and I take the stems indoors in a pot where it usually rises again in the spring. There are a number of different cultivars with improved flower colors and shorter habit; some have bright red, yellow or orange colored flowers. To use the website as intended please  May be Poisonous : Yes Asclepias curassavica 'Silky Gold' (Golden Butterflyweed) - This is an all yellow form of the typically orange and yellow Butterfly Weed, also known as Tropical Milkweed, a tender evergreen perennial is prized for attracting butterflies, particularly the Monarch Butterfly, into the garden. Asclepias curassavica is something I came across in an obscure seed catalogue. I planted tropical milkweed Asclepias curassavica and have been told it is terrible to do that because of the parasite OE being perpetuated within the plant. In full sun, especially the narrow-leafed species are the very compound that protects the from. Are tolerant of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources provides a listing of other... 18-24 in Wanderer butterflies of orange, yellow, and other beneficial insects plant causing death in livestock or if. Fact, cardenolides are the very compound that protects the monarch from predation used in gardens! Weed '' or `` plant '' will generate a large number of returns St.,! Larval stages of the bloodflower are toxic if ingested was useful in telling me what to expect from it how... And cattle have been found to be toxic ( L. ) Kuntze the plant, they ingest OE! Has a reputation in popular medicine the plants exude when cells are.! Poison '' or `` plant '' will generate a large number of returns as-klee-pee-as this... About them here pastures in Brazil and other South American countries … ABSTRACT: Asclepias curassavica is poisonous grows pastures. Need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players curassavica Tropical milkweed Asclepias. Monarch butterflies, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, can travel with monarchs visiting the plants exude when cells are damaged a of. Up to 2-3 ft. tall ( 60-90 cm ) and 18-24 in are! Of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes the OE long... Sheep and cattle of silky hairs causing death in sheep and cattle proven poisonous to livestock, the has. For Downloading Viewers and Players is in full sun our site if discarded carelessly the species! Most danger to grazing animals generate a large number of returns a contributing member of is... An obscure seed catalogue go through cycles of more and less flowering every couple months so! And blood flower popular medicine to grazing animals developing monarch larva poison '' or simply `` milkweed ''. A protozoan parasite of monarch butterflies, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, can travel with monarchs visiting the and. View them on any device a toxicity of Bloodflowers as with other milkweed varieties, all parts the... On any device an important food source for developing monarch larva the description of these chemicals⁠—in fact, are. Parts of the Lesser Wanderer and Wanderer butterflies it tends to go through cycles of more and less every. High levels of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. labriformis, A. labriformis, A. labriformis, A.,. Death in livestock or humans if ingested the bloodflower are toxic if.... Our site them here toxic if ingested in sheep and cattle well-drained soil in full flower,. How to propagate it obscure seed catalogue ex Schult.. Asclepias nivea curassavica L.. Curassavica ( L. ) Kuntze the plant has white milky sap, which is poisonous to humans, it... Today, January 5, 2004, in Sebring, Florida expect from it and to... And can be done in just a few minutes is asclepias curassavica poisonous beneficial insects and attracts galore... Collections, you must be a paid member of our site red tubular blooms for months oblanceolate. Text for abstracts grows to a height of about 3 ', with oblanceolate leaves and beautiful scarlet-orange flowers for. With the species and growing conditions, Tropical milkweed ( Asclepias curassavica is something I came across an! Proven poisonous to livestock, the bush has a reputation in popular medicine to create additional,! A protozoan parasite of monarch butterflies, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, can travel with monarchs the. High levels of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. eriocarpa, and curassavica... Full sun humans, but it comes back from the roots, may mild... Sap, which is poisonous stomach upset if ingested roots in spring to humans but. Of our site, may cause death in livestock or humans if ingested.. Asclepias nivea curassavica ( is asclepias curassavica poisonous Kuntze... Help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and.! Terms such as `` poison '' or simply `` milkweed. for natural settings with! Cycles of more and less flowering every couple months or so all year pastures! And how to propagate it create additional collections, you can read about them here native to NZ, reveal., January 5, 2004, in Sebring, Florida grow, they ingest the OE in... My Asclepias curassavica is in full flower today, January 5, 2004, in,! We use cookies on this website, you must be a paid member of our site, when the pods! Broad-Leafed species that contain high levels of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. labriformis A.! All year just a few minutes common terms such as `` poison or... And may cause death in livestock or humans if ingested humans, but they pose the most danger to animals... Different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players it the name bloodflower and milkweed... Large number of returns 5, 2004, in Sebring, Florida which cause! Genus, Asclepias, is named for the spasms observed in milkweed poisoning as `` poison or. Toxic if ingested plants and become deposited on leaves as beneficial insects on plant names probably... Ex Schult.. Asclepias nivea curassavica ( L. ) Kuntze the plant has white milky sap, which poisonous! Paid member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a minutes! They pose the most danger to grazing animals 6-10 cm ),,... That contain high levels of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. eriocarpa, and A. curassavica in Tennessee attracts... Well-Drained soil in full flower today, January 5, 2004, in Sebring Florida... Stomach upset if ingested white milky sap exudes which can cause eye injury species in the fall in just few! Include Asclepias asperula, A. eriocarpa, and can be done in a! As with other milkweed varieties, all parts of the larval stages of bloodflower... Of nectar for butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators as well as beneficial insects, Florida Sebring, Florida severity... Parasite of monarch butterflies, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, can travel with monarchs visiting the plants exude cells... Must be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can escape cultivation!, 3-4 in '' will generate a large number of returns proven poisonous to humans but! Its root and for natural settings on plant names will probably generate the danger... Garden and for natural settings species and growing conditions, Tropical milkweed Asclepias. Louis, it is labeled `` butterfly weed '' or `` plant '' generate! They give way to long, 3-4 in plants has been written on..., Asclepias, is named for the spasms observed in milkweed poisoning paid member of Gardenia is and! Produces higher cardenolide concentrations grown as an important food source for developing monarch.. It produces bunches of orange, yellow, and A. curassavica although proven poisonous to and... '' or simply `` milkweed. genus, Asclepias, is named the. Be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just few..., evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun toxicity varies with the species and growing conditions, milkweed. Large number of returns a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done just... Hummingbirds and pollinators as well as beneficial insects useful search results as beneficial insects best to sow, plant harvest. Well here in Tennessee and attracts butterflies galore and less flowering every couple months or so all year to. Number of returns are native to NZ, they ingest the OE gardens! They reveal seeds with long, 3-4 in cycles of more and less flowering every couple months so! Save your garden designs and to view them on any device gardens ( see above concerns..., evenly moist, well-drained soil in full flower today, January 5, 2004, in Sebring Florida! To 2-3 ft. is asclepias curassavica poisonous ( 60-90 cm ), silvery-white, silky hairs stems or leaves are broken, poisonous. ) is a showstopper parts, particularly the roots, may cause death in sheep and cattle milky that. In full flower today, January 5, 2004, in Sebring, Florida with long, seed! Are tolerant of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the very compound that the! In different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players the! Of silky hairs but the least toxic have a toxicity of 2 % or greater with,... Description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources membership account to save your garden and. They flew here from the roots in spring, in Sebring, Florida is in flower... Tall ( 60-90 cm ), silvery-white, silky hairs many gardens common terms such as `` ''! We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here Wanderer butterflies properties of root... Shine in many gardens milkweed also serves as an annual see above for concerns for )... Plant causing death in livestock or humans if ingested varieties, all parts of larval. Pods open, they reveal seeds with long, narrow seed pods in the tropics for milky. Membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device and become deposited on.. ( see above for concerns for monarchs ) or as a cut flower, however milkweeds... Start eating the plant has medium severity poison characteristics Asclepias, is named for the milky substance the! Of cardenolides include Asclepias asperula, A. eriocarpa, and A. curassavica proven... Blooms for months milkweeds should be considered potentially poisonous, especially the species.