He traced a genealogical tree of all life forms and came up with new terms in biology such as phylogeny, anthropogeny, the kingdom Protista, phylum, stem cell, and ecology. As a philosopher, Ernst Haeckel wrote Die Welträtsel (1895–1899, The Riddle of the Universe, 1901), and Freedom in Science and Teaching to support teaching evolution. The son of a government official, Haeckel grew up in Merseburg where he graduated high school in 1852. Haeckel’s “family tree” depicted all of life as a single tree with the mythical “Moneren” at the bottom of the trunk and “Menschen” (people) at the top. Created during the late 19 th and early 20 th Century, Ernst Haeckel’s successful drawings, watercolours and sketches became the foundation of his legacy. In 1907, Haeckel was honored with the title of Excellency by Kaiser Wilhelm II; and in 1908, he was awarded the Darwin-Wallace Medal by the Linnean Society of London. His Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (1866; “General Morphology of Organisms”) presented many of his evolutionary ideas, but the scientific community was little interested. Ernst Haeckel – philosopher, professor, physician, naturalist, biologist and artist. He was the first to divide the animal kingdom into unicellular and multicellular animals. This famous claim of his received mixed reviews. In a matter of five years, ranging from 1869 to 1873, Haeckel travelled to several nations such as Norway, Croatia, Egypt, Greece and Turkey for his research. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. He left the Lutheran church in 1910. In a nutshell Discover Ernst Haeckel, the 19th-century artist-biologist who found beauty in even the most unlikely of creatures. Among the most notable are: Sea anemones from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur (Art forms of Nature) of 1904, Haeckel (left) with Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai, his assistant, in the Canaries, 1866. The pictures of the earliest embryonic stages are now considered inaccurate. According to him, humans evolved from apes and that the evidences of this drastic change can be found in Indonesia. In humans, the cardiovascular system is one of the first entities to develop in the early embryo. Haeckel’s health apparently deteriorated after the demise of Agnes. Ernst Haeckel was a renowned German biologist, naturalist, physician, philosopher and artist who identified many new species of living beings and gave names to thousands of them. He also interacted with other renowned biologists such as Thomas Huxley and Charles Lyell. The famous German emperor Wilhelm II too had recognized Haeckel’s contribution and honoured him with the prestigious Title of Excellency. The work influenced Haeckel heavily and motivated the young biologist to dedicate himself to research. 1874 illustration from Anthropogenie showing "very early", "somewhat later" and "still later" stages of embryos of fish (F), salamander (A), turtle (T), chick (H), pig (S), cow (R), rabbit (K), and human (M), Medusa of Aeginura grimaldii (bottom view). Also famously known as the ‘biogenetic law’ among many, this theory was Ernst’s attempt to understand the similarities between humans and animals. Ernst Haeckel was a German biologist, naturalist, and artist who pioneered the practice of using artistic illustrations to capture the likenesses of animals in the wild during the 19th century. During the period 1859-1866, Haeckel was engrossed in studies related to organisms such as Annelids and Poriferans. He went to Domgymnasium High School and finished in 1852 then joined Berlin and Wurzburg where he pursued a course in medicine. In 1867, Ernst Haeckel married Agnes Huschke and had 3 children. Explore Ernst Haeckel's biography, personal life, family and cause of death. Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, known during his lifetime as "the German Darwin," was born on 16 February 1834 in Potsdam, Prussia, and died in Jena, Germany, on 9 August 1919. A summit in Eastern Nevada, has been named ‘Mount Haeckel’ in his honour. Haekel was professor of comparative anatomy at the University of Jena, where he worked for 47 years, from 1862 to 1909. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about ernst haeckel? Haeckel was also the first to regard psychology as a branch of physiology. http://www.shellsandpebbles.com/2014/08/04/illegal-science-the-case-of-ernst-haeckel-1834-1919-and-german-biology-education/. Ernst Haeckel The beautiful weirdness of nature In 1864 Ernst Haeckel turned thirty and read, for the first time, Charles Darwin 's On the Origin of Species. He was an atheist. 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